What Makes Us Tick?
A new psychiatric treatment delivered within a new theory of mind
Amazon description: This book is written from an evolutionary point of view for a general audience interested in what motivates human nature. The psychiatrist author humanizes severe mental illnesses by demonstrating that the inner experience of those conditions can be interpreted as “emotional fossils,” which reveal the deep evolution of normally functioning emotions and motivations. The power of this treatment of universal stigma that has always been part of mental illness lies in the new theory of human mind evolution that emerges, which is every bit as significant today as Charles Darwin’s The Descent Of Man was in 1871
Drawing on the work of Duke developmental psychologist, Michael Tomasello (Becoming Human, 2019), the thesis of Emotional Fossils is that, prior to our own species, the crucial evolutionary adaptation during the six million years of human evolution was the coordination of divided labor, i.e., teamwork. To permit the close engagement necessary to reap the benefits of teamwork, primate dominance hierarchies declined, and a new authority of justice arose. Over millions of years, in the course of refining the capacity for teamwork, unique collective motivations evolved to predominate social behavior. This heritage is glaringly reflected in the magnitude of our shared languages and cultures held together by the authority of norms and laws.
The manic phase of bipolar disorder clearly reflects Darwin’s mechanism of sexual selection, recently reasserted by Yale ornithologist Richard Prum (Evolution of Beauty, 2017). In our own 300,000-year-old species, sexual selection superimposed upon established collective instincts a motivation to seek the pleasure of social esteem. This modern human ambition is referred to by psychiatrists as narcissism, and vanity in biblical texts. Problematic in our Homo sapiens species has been the awakening within individuals of long dormant primate impulses to dominate as an instrument of vanity.
Emotional Fossils is a closely reasoned, scientifically documented argument that is continuously leavened by fresh ideas, vivid clinical vignettes, and even flights of imagination into narratives of the inner emotional life of the species of our ancient human ancestors. Despite its brevity, this book is the most complete and satisfying answer you will ever read to the question, “What makes us tick?”
2 Comments on “What Makes Us Tick?”
John, you refer to an “authority of justice” was necessary in order to “reap the benefits of teamwork.” As I recall, Harari in his book SAPIENS refers instead to “trust” as a key element in the advancement of society. It seems to me that both justice and trust were critical to our evolution.
Mark, Yes Harari emphasizes trust in SAPIENS, but he has no curiosity about how it could have come about, speculating that it could have been a lucky gene mutation. I try to get down to the evolutionary-biological reasons for for our unique collective mentality, which took millions of years to evolve. But I do recognize that Harari is a brilliantly stimulating writer.
Thanks for the comment,
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