In Thomas Seeley’s Honey Bee Democracy, He deduced the following “lessons” from the bees that he has been studying for his entire career. He follows these rules in the running of his department at Cornell University. These rules utilizes the advantages many people over one.
Lesson 1. Compose the Decision-Making Group of Individuals with shared Interests and Mutual Respect.
Lesson 2. Minimize the Leader’s Influence on the Group’s Thinking.
Lesson 3. Seek Diverse Solutions to the Problem.
Lesson 4. Aggregate the Group’s Knowledge Through Debate.
Lesson 5. Use Quorum Responses for Cohesion, Accuracy, and Speed.
Philosopher Paul Grice (1975) simplifies the issue of meaning in language with a general set of rules, or “maxims,” for conversation when language is “on duty,” that is, when it is not, as Lugwig Wittgenstein would say, “on vacation” playing games.